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Rights and obligations of entry, exit, transit, and residence of foreigners in Vietnam


Article 44 of Law entry, exit, transit, and residence of foreigners in Vietnam provides for the rights and obligations of foreigners as follows:

Article 44. Rights and obligations of foreigners

1. Foreigners that enter, leave, transit through, or reside in Vietnam are entitled to:

1. Foreigners that enter, leave, transit through, or reside in Vietnam are entitled to:

a) Have the life, dignity, property, the lawful rights and interests protected in accordance with Vietnam’s Law while they are staying within the territory of Socialist Republic of Vietnam;

b) Every holder of a temporary residence card may sponsor his/her grandparents, parents, spouse, and children to visit Vietnam; for his/her spouse and children under 18 years of age to stay in Vietnam during the validity period of the temporary residence card if agreed by the organization that invites or sponsors the card holder.

c) Every holder of a permanent residence card may sponsor his/her parents, parents, spouse, and children to visit Vietnam;

d) People residing lawfully in Vietnam may travel around the territory of Vietnam for purposes of tourism, visiting, or medical treatment without having to ask for permission; access to prohibited or restricted areas shall be dealt with in accordance with law;

đ) Crewmembers of ships that enter Vietnam may go onshore within the province where the ship is anchored. Issuance of a visa shall be consider if such a crewmember goes beyond the province or leave Vietnam through another border checkpoint;

e) The spouse and children that go a long with a member of a diplomatic mission, consular office, representative office of an international organization of the UN, or an intergovernmental organization in Vietnam may go to work if they have work permits unless they are not eligible for work permits; and may go to school if they are accepted in writing by a school or a educational institution;

g) Any person studying at a school or an educational institution under an international agreement may go to work if he/she is permitted in writing to work by the school or educational institution;

h) People without nationalities residing overseas may enter Vietnam for the purpose of tourism and visiting relatives;

.i) The Ministry of Public Security shall consider issuing a laissez-passer to any person without personalities that wishes to leave Vietnam.

2. Foreigners that enter, leave, transit through, or reside in Vietnam are obliged to:

a) Comply with Vietnam’s law; respect Vietnam’s traditions and customs;

b) Engaged in activities in Vietnam in accordance with the stated purpose of entry;

c) Carry passports, laissez-passers, papers related to residence in Vietnam while traveling, and present them to competent authorities on request;